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Mediterranean

Habitat Protection: Mediterranean

The Mediterranean Sea is one of the world’s most culturally important bodies of water and for centuries, it has been the home and primary source of food for millions of people.

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Accomplishments

December, 2017

La UE y 21 países protegen en el Mediterráneo corales de aguas frías en peligro de extinción

Con el apoyo de Oceana, cuatro especies de corales de profundidad resultan protegidas en el Mediterráneo. El Convenio de Barcelona, un organismo internacional marino dependiente de la ONU, vota a favor de añadir cuatro corales -coral árbol amarillo, coral cresta de gallo, coral candelabro y coral bambú- a la lista de especies amenazadas y en peligro en el Mediterráneo. Esta medida protegerá a dichos animales y contribuirá a asegurar la supervivencia de la fauna que vive en sus jardines de coral y depende de ellos. Los miembros del Convenio de Barcelona son Argelia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Chipre, Croacia, Egipto, Eslovenia, España, Francia, Grecia, Israel, Italia, Líbano, Libia, Malta, Marruecos, Mónaco, Montenegro, Siria, Túnez, Turquía y la Unión Europea.

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December, 2017

21 countries and the EU protect endangered cold-water corals throughout the Mediterranean

As a result of Oceana’s advocacy, four deep-sea coral species will now be protected in the Mediterranean. The UN’s Barcelona Convention, a multi-country regional sea convention, voted in favor of adding four additional coral species – cockscomb cup coral, yellow-tree coral, yellow coral and bamboo coral – to the list of endangered or threatened species in the Mediterranean Sea. This action will protect these animals and help to ensure the survival of marine life that live and depend on these underwater coral gardens. The members of the Barcelona Convention include: Algeria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Cyprus, Egypt, the European Union, France, Greece, Israel, Italy, Lebanon, Libya, Malta, Monaco, Montenegro, Morocco, Slovenia, Spain, Syria, Tunisia and Turkey.

November, 2016

First steps taken for depleted Mediterranean swordfish

The International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT) finally agreed on a recovery plan for the severely depleted Mediterranean swordfish, which has shrunk by two thirds from the 1980s due to overfishing. The plan includes a modest reduction of catches and the adoption of a quota system, enforced by monitoring and control measures to prevent illegal fishing and improve transparency in the swordfish fishery management and trade. Oceana has fought for this iconic species for more than a decade, and will keep the pressure to ensure its full recovery.

September, 2016

1,400 square kilometers in the Balearic Islands protected from destructive fishing

After four years of Oceana’s campaigning for increased protections, Spain announced a ban on bottom trawling and other destructive fishing methods in a 1,400 square kilometer region between Mallorca and Menorca. The Spanish government also expanded the protected area in Fort d’en Moreu, a vibrant reef to the east of Cabrera that has been threatened by illegal trawling activity. The Spanish government’s compliance with EU legislation and action to protect valuable seascapes signifies a critical step towards securing greater protections – important for both habitat preservation and healthy marine ecosystems – in Spanish waters.

June, 2016

Oceana Wins Protection for Essential Fish Habitats in the Strait of Sicily

Following campaigning by Oceana, three Fisheries Restricted Areas were created by the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM) in the Strait of Sicily, protecting 1,493 square km between Italy, Malta and Tunisia from bottom trawling and preserving nursery areas. By preserving these areas, essential fish habitats for commercial fisheries stocks, a key step has been made towards rebuilding the stock of hake – the most overfished species in the Mediterranean – and preserving the home to over 60% of the deep-sea rose shrimps caught in this sea. This is the first time management measures for shared stocks have been undertaken in the central Mediterranean, it is an historical step.

June, 2016

Avanzando hacia la protección de los hábitats de profundidad del Mediterráneo

Los países mediterráneos se comprometen a desarrollar nuevas medidas de conservación para los ecosistemas marinos vulnerables con 2018 como fecha límite. Entre estos ecosistemas únicos se hallan arrecifes de corales de aguas frías, jardines de corales blandos y agregaciones de esponjas de profundidad, que con frecuencia se asocian a grandes niveles de biodiversidad. La primera acción será definir una lista de estas especies, hábitats y accidentes geológicos (como montañas y cañones submarinos) tan pronto como sea posible, para que la Comisión General de Pesca del Mediterráneo la apruebe en primavera de 2017.

June, 2016

Oceana Wins Protection for Essential Fish Habitats in the Strait of Sicily

Following campaigning by Oceana, three Fisheries Restricted Areas were created by the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM) in the Strait of Sicily, protecting 1,493 square km between Italy, Malta and Tunisia from bottom trawling and preserving nursery areas. By preserving these areas, essential fish habitats for commercial fisheries stocks, a key step has been made towards rebuilding the stock of hake – the most overfished species in the Mediterranean – and preserving the home to over 60% of the deep-sea rose shrimps caught in this sea. This is the first time management measures for shared stocks have been undertaken in the central Mediterranean, it is an historical step.

June, 2016

Unprecedented Step towards Protection of Mediterranean Deep-Sea Habitats

Mediterranean countries have committed to develop new management measures for vulnerable marine ecosystems (VMEs) by 2018 at the latest. These unique ecosystems include cold water coral reefs, gardens of soft corals and deep-sea sponge aggregations, which are frequently associated with high levels of biodiversity. The first action will be to define a list of Mediterranean VME species, habitats, and related geological features (such as seamounts and canyons) as soon as possible, to be approved by the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean  Scientific Advisory Committee in spring 2017.

August, 2014

Conseguida la protección de dos montañas submarinas en Baleares

Tras siete años de campaña de Oceana, el Gobierno español prohíbe el arrastre sobre un arrecife de coralígeno al este de Cabrera (el Fort d’en Moreu) y dos montañas submarinas del Canal de Mallorca, Ausiàs March y Émile Baudot. Las 40.000 hectáreas que abarca esta decisión incluyen tipos de hábitats protegidos por legislación nacional e internacional, como lechos de maërl, jardines de gorgonias y bosques de quelpos.

May, 2014

Elegida entre las 10 especies del año una descubierta por Oceana

El Instituto Internacional para la Exploración de las Especies de la Universidad del Estado de Nueva York (IISE-SUNY) incluye Spiculosiphon oceana en el top 10 de las Nuevas especies de 2014. Esta nueva especie fue hallada durante la expedición 2012 del Oceana Ranger en el Seco de Palos, en la costa de Murcia. S. oceana es un organismo unicelular que alcanza 4 cm de largo y parece una esponja carnívora. El protozoo fue identificado gracias a la colaboración del Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC). Leer el comunicado del descubrimiento.

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