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Corals

Marine Wildlife: Corals

Corals are animals or colonies of them that form complex seafloor structures -- the foundation for some of the richest ecosystems in the world.

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Accomplishments

December, 2017

La UE y 21 países protegen en el Mediterráneo corales de aguas frías en peligro de extinción

Con el apoyo de Oceana, cuatro especies de corales de profundidad resultan protegidas en el Mediterráneo. El Convenio de Barcelona, un organismo internacional marino dependiente de la ONU, vota a favor de añadir cuatro corales -coral árbol amarillo, coral cresta de gallo, coral candelabro y coral bambú- a la lista de especies amenazadas y en peligro en el Mediterráneo. Esta medida protegerá a dichos animales y contribuirá a asegurar la supervivencia de la fauna que vive en sus jardines de coral y depende de ellos. Los miembros del Convenio de Barcelona son Argelia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Chipre, Croacia, Egipto, Eslovenia, España, Francia, Grecia, Israel, Italia, Líbano, Libia, Malta, Marruecos, Mónaco, Montenegro, Siria, Túnez, Turquía y la Unión Europea.

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December, 2017

21 countries and the EU protect endangered cold-water corals throughout the Mediterranean

As a result of Oceana’s advocacy, four deep-sea coral species will now be protected in the Mediterranean. The UN’s Barcelona Convention, a multi-country regional sea convention, voted in favor of adding four additional coral species – cockscomb cup coral, yellow-tree coral, yellow coral and bamboo coral – to the list of endangered or threatened species in the Mediterranean Sea. This action will protect these animals and help to ensure the survival of marine life that live and depend on these underwater coral gardens. The members of the Barcelona Convention include: Algeria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Cyprus, Egypt, the European Union, France, Greece, Israel, Italy, Lebanon, Libya, Malta, Monaco, Montenegro, Morocco, Slovenia, Spain, Syria, Tunisia and Turkey.

June, 2016

Unprecedented Step towards Protection of Mediterranean Deep-Sea Habitats

Mediterranean countries have committed to develop new management measures for vulnerable marine ecosystems (VMEs) by 2018 at the latest. These unique ecosystems include cold water coral reefs, gardens of soft corals and deep-sea sponge aggregations, which are frequently associated with high levels of biodiversity. The first action will be to define a list of Mediterranean VME species, habitats, and related geological features (such as seamounts and canyons) as soon as possible, to be approved by the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean  Scientific Advisory Committee in spring 2017.

December, 2013

Mediterranean Deep-Sea Corals Protected

Mediterranean countries and the EU decided to protect 11 species of deep-sea corals at the 18th COP to the Barcelona Convention. They also decided to implement the Action Plan on Dark Habitats, a scientific document drafted in part by Oceana, which will enable the creation of marine protected areas in deep-sea habitats like seamounts, submarine canyons, and caves. Many of these deep-sea habitats are unprotected, despite being extremely vulnerable to human activities like pollution, overfishing, and climate change.

December, 2013

Mediterranean Deep-Sea Corals Protected

Mediterranean countries and the EU decided to protect 11 species of deep-sea corals at the 18th COP to the Barcelona Convention. They also decided to implement the Action Plan on Dark Habitats, a scientific document drafted in part by Oceana, which will enable the creation of marine protected areas in deep-sea habitats like seamounts, submarine canyons, and caves. Many of these deep-sea habitats are unprotected, despite being extremely vulnerable to human activities like pollution, overfishing, and climate change.

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March, 2011

Protecting Deep-sea Corals in the North Pacific

A international delegation passed new conservation measures that will protect more than 16.1 million square miles of seafloor habitat in the North Pacific Ocean from bottom trawling and other bottom contact gear. Participating nations, including the U.S., Canada, Japan, Russia, China, Korea and Taiwan, PoC (Chinese Taipei), acted on a commitment they made at the United Nations General Assembly to enact interim conservation measures to protect vulnerable marine ecosystems, like seamounts, deep-sea corals and hydrothermal vents, in international waters. Oceana and others have been working to advance these measures since 2006.

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March, 2011

Protección para corales de profundidad del Pacífico Norte

Una delegación internacional aprobó nuevas medidas de conservación que protegerán más de 16.1 millones de millas cuadradas de hábitat de fondo marítimo en el Pacífico Norte de la pesca de arrastre y otros equipos de contacto con el fondo. Las naciones participantes, incluyendo EEUU, Canadá, Japón,  Rusia, China, Corea y Taiwán, actuaron según un compromiso que adquirieron en la Asamblea General de las Naciones Unidas para adoptar medidas provisionales de conservación para proteger los ecosistemas marinos vulnerables, como los montes marinos, corales de aguas profundas y fuentes hidrotermales, en aguas internacionales. Oceana y otros han estado trabajando para avanzar en estas medidas desde 2006.

September, 2009

Protecting Habitat in the Atlantic

Capping a five-year effort, Oceana helped persuade the South Atlantic Fishery Management Council to protect 59,000km2 of valuable deep-sea corals stretching from North Carolina to Florida by banning all bottom trawl activity in the area. Known as America’s largest continuous deep sea coral ecosystem, the area includes hundreds of pinnacles up to 500 feet tall and provides critical fish habitat for commercially valuable species like snapper, grouper, wreckfish, royal red shrimp and golden crab. Closing the area to bottom trawling will help ensure the long-term productivity of these species. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration now must approve the plan.

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