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The Maritime-Terrestrial National Park of the Cabrera Archipelago, to the south of the island of Mallorca, is located in the autonomous community of the Balearic Islands.


The Maritime-Terrestrial National Park of the Cabrera Archipelago, to the south of the island of Mallorca, is located in the autonomous community of the Balearic Islands.

The Maritime-Terrestrial National Park of the Cabrera Archipelago has a land surface of 1,318 hectares, distributed between 19 islands, and a marine surface area of 8,703 hectares, which amounts to 7.5% of the surface area currently protected in the Balearic Islands.

The Cabrera archipelago is a protected area with the highest level of protection due to its status as a national park. It is a very important area for migratory seabirds, with more than 130 species nesting in these islands. There are also many interesting vegetable species, including around twenty species endemic to the Balearic Islands, as well as other fauna, from insects and reptiles to small mammals.

But the biodiversity is equally dramatic beneath the surface of the sea, where we find a typical Mediterranean enclave, with rocky formations covered in a huge variety of red, green, and brown algae and endless invertebrates, as well as undersea caves that shelter fish, corals, and crustaceans. In addition, there are significant undersea meadows of Posidonia oceanica and Cymodocea nodosa as well as coralligenous and maerl populations. 

Fondos marinos de Cabrera

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Fort d'en Moreu

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Cabrera tiene que crecer

Propuesta de ampliación de Oceana

What Oceana Does

Six expeditions as part of the campaign to extend the park

Since 2007, Oceana has been carrying out work as part of a campaign to extend the national park. That same year, Oceana undertook an initial study of the seabeds in the area around the park, which documented the presence, outside the boundaries of the protected area, of important habitats such as thick forests of kelp, extraordinary coralligenous formations, rich maerl seabeds and gardens of gorgonians. Species listed in international agreements, including a number of black corals and even red coral, were also found.

In total, Oceana has made six expeditions to the areas surrounding the protected area, down to a maximum depth of 1,004 metres in the Emile Baudot escarpment.

The results obtained have led Oceana to campaign for the protection of the seabeds bordering the Cabrera National Park and to push for their declaration as a marine protected area, demanding that the competent authorities act with urgency to prevent the disappearance of one of the most interesting and most threatened seabeds in the Mediterranean.

Oceana is also a member of the board of trustees of this national park, as representative of the principal Spanish conservationist organisations, and uses this position to campaign for the need to extend the park. 

Proposal for extension

The extension of Cabrera would give the Balearic Islands the second largest marine national park in the Mediterranean.

Oceana proposes a tenfold increase in the marine protected area to cover around 90,000 ha. This would mean the representation of 12 of the 13 natural systems mentioned in the law, making it the most biodiverse park in the western Mediterranean.

The most outstanding natural systems that this extension would contribute are: (1) Shoals and steep escarpments, with the inclusion of the Emile Baudot escarpment, one of the most representative of the western Mediterranean, with a drop of -200 m to -2,000 m; (2) Coralligenous communities, with the inclusion of the Fort d’en Moreu reef, which is home to spectacular gorgonian gardens and forests of Mediterranean kelp; (3) Pelagic areas of passage, reproduction or with the habitual presence of cetaceans or large migratory fish, a system not yet represented in the network, which in this case would favour fish such as the bluefin tuna and swordfish and cetaceans like the sperm whale.

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